Full hydraulic operation, lightweight, compact & rugged
The PRM280 marine gearbox is purpose built for use in both pleasure craft and commercial boats; its twin countershaft design provides separate oil-operated multi-disc clutches (which need no adjustment) for ahead and astern drive allowing full rated power to be transmitted continuously in either direction.
The PRM280 is offered in two different configurations; power take off (PTO) (PRM280DP) and with offset output shaft (PRM280).
A choice of 1.96:1 and 2.94:1 reduction ratios is available; each will provide left-hand or right-hand propeller rotation in “ahead”, making the PRM280 particularly well suited to twin engine installations.
The gearcase is constructed of high grade cast iron, internally ribbed for rigidity and strength, and consists of two separate halves to facilitate servicing, the oil pump and hydraulic control valves being externally mounted for easy accessibility.
The PRM280DP live PTO gearbox specifically designed for driving hydraulic pumps to SAEJ774C series B specification. The maximum power which can be transmitted is 22kW (29.5hp) per 1000 rpm.
The hydraulic operating system functions on normal lubricating oil of the same viscosity as that used in the engine, avoiding the need to use automatic transmission fluid, and ensures rapid response to movements of the operating lever for good boat handling. The operating lever has a positive neutral detent and is suitable for use with proprietary single lever remote control operating systems.
Robust and reliable, the hydraulic system is nevertheless provided with a mechanical lock-up device for added security, so that in the unlikely event of hydraulic failure the boat can be brought safely back to port. Access to this device is via a detachable cover located on top of the main gearcase.
A trolling valve can be fitted. This is electronically operated which allows variable speed of the propeller to zero whilst allowing a maximum engine speed of up to 1200 rpm.
Nominal Power Ratings, PRM 280 Marine Gearbox
|Model||Ahead Ratio||Pleasure||Light Commercial||Heavy Commercial|
Maximum operating speeds:
4500 rev/min intermittent, 4000 rev/min continuous
Note: These powers have been measured at the engine flywheel. Ratings have been established to ensure the long trouble free life of the gearbox which should not, therefore be used at powers in excess of those shown.
Minimum – 20.00 bar (290 lb./in²), Maximum – 22.06 bar (320 lb./in²). Two tapped holes 1/8″ BSP on the top, and M18 on the side of the valve block are provided so that the pressure gauge can be fitted if required.
The normal operating temperature of the oil should be in the 50°C – 80°C range and should not be permitted to exceed 90°C. An oil cooler is necessary to ensure that correct operating temperatures are maintained, and the valve block is provided with two 3/8″ BSP connectors to allow it to be fitted.
Both ahead and astern thrust is carried by the output shaft bearings which are of adequate capacity for all factory approved ratings.
Propeller Free Wheeling
The PRM280 output shaft can be rotated continuously with the gearbox in neutral. It is therefore not necessary to fit a propshaft brake in such applications.
Approximate Weight & Oil Capacity
Approximate dry weight:
280D 48kg (106lb) excluding drive coupling, adaptor flange and oil cooler
280DP 54kg (120lb) excluding drive coupling, adaptor flange and oil cooler
1.85 litres (3.2 pints) plus the amount necessary to fill the oil cooling circuit.